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Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction .

This study is based on the use of palm kernel shells as aggregate in the manufacture of concrete. Several (0, 25, 50, 75 and ) substitutions were used in the volume fraction of the aggregates. In order to evaluate the effect of this substitution, the mechanical properties at 7 and 28 days for compression was determine, 28 days for bending and then the physical properties of fresh and ...

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An Investigation on The Strength and Workability of ...

palm kernel shells (PKS) as coarse aggregate to concrete. The CCS were crushed and substituted for conventional coarse aggregates in gradation of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and . Two mix ratio (1:1:2) and (1:2:4) were used respectively. He noted that the compressive strength of concrete decreased as the percentage of the shells increased in the two proportions. His results also indicated a 30% and ...

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ICARET Palm Kernel Shell - Institute of Physics

The Feasibility of Palm Kernel Shell as a Replacement for Coarse Aggregate in Lightweight Concrete To cite this article: Zarina Itam et al 2016 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 32 012040 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Related content Green Synthesis of Silicon Carbide Nanowhiskers by Microwave Heating of Blends of Palm Kernel Shell and Silica C H Voon, B Y Lim, S C B ...

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PALM KERNEL SHELL AS PARTIALLY REPLACEMENT OF FINE ...

kernel shells have been used as aggregates in light and dense concretes for structural and non-structural purposes. Palm kernel shell were obtained from the Lepar Hilir palm oil mill and sieved with size between l.5mm to 2.36mm. The objectives of this final year project are to determine the workability, compressive strength and also flexural strength of concrete when adding with 1%, 2% and 3% ...

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SOME IMPORTANT FACTS ABOUT PALM KERNELS

A normal palm kernel produces approximately 30 leaves annually and each fruit comprises of a pericarp, which is an oily, fleshy outer layer of the fruit, with a single seed (palm kernel), which is also used for producing palm kernel oil. The tree undergoes pollination and afterwards the inflorescences transform into big kernel bunches bearing approximately 150-500 fruits.

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Palm Kernel Shell As Coal Replacement

Palm kernel shell pks is used as a partial replacement for fine and coarse aggregates in asphalt crushed palm kernel shell cpks and pks were added at 20, 40, 50, 60 and 80 by weight of total aggregates to partially replace the fine and coarse aggregates in asphaltic concrete. chat online ; Development And Performance Evaluation Of Palm Kernel . 20181221domestic and commercial uses in nigeria ...

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Effects of Oil Palm Shell Coarse Aggregate .

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different species of oil palm shell (OPS) coarse aggregates on the properties of high strength lightweight concrete (HSLWC). Original and crushed OPS coarse aggregates of different species and age categories were investigated in this study. The research focused on two OPS species ( >dura and tenera), in which the coarse ...

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INVESTIGATION OF PALM KERNEL SHELL AS .

Palm kernel shell (PKS) is used as a partial replacement for fine and coarse aggregates in asphalt. Crushed palm kernel shell (CPKS) and PKS were added at 20, 40, 50, 60 and 80% by weight of total aggregates to partially replace the fine and coarse aggregates in asphaltic concrete.

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Suitabilty of Palm Kernel Shell As Coarse Aggregate In ...

Keywords: Palm kernel shell, lightweight aggregate, compressive strength, flexural strength 1. Introduction Continuous increase in the cost of construction is one of the major challenges the construction industry is encountering and quality discharge of great number of developmental project, as such projects are dependent on some factors of production which is the cost of materials (Anthony ...

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ICARET Palm Kernel Shell - Institute of Physics

The Feasibility of Palm Kernel Shell as a Replacement for Coarse Aggregate in Lightweight Concrete To cite this article: Zarina Itam et al 2016 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 32 012040 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Related content Green Synthesis of Silicon Carbide Nanowhiskers by Microwave Heating of Blends of Palm Kernel Shell and Silica C H Voon, B Y Lim, S C B ...

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The Effect of Oil Palm Shell as Coarse Aggregate ...

90 The Effect of Oil Palm Shell as Coarse Aggregate Replacement on Densities and Compressive Strength of Concrete Noh Irwan Ahmad1,a, Khairulzan Yahya1,b 1Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia a*[email protected] com, [email protected] Keywords: oil palm shell, waste material, workability. Abstract.

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"Influence of Cementitious Materials and .

Palm kernel shells a by product of the production of palm oil, were used as lightweight aggregates. The following cementitious materials were added: 10% silica fume as additional cementitious material and 5% fly ash as cement replacement on weight of cement. The influence of varying fine aggregate and palm kernel shell contents on workability and compressive strength has been studied. The ...

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Palm kernel - Wikipedia

Palm kernel cake is a high-fibre, medium-grade protein feed best suited to ruminants. Among other similar fodders, palm kernel cake is ranked a little higher than copra cake and cocoa pod husk, but lower than fish meal and groundnut cake, especially in its protein value.

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palm kernel shell aggregate concrete - Vijzel & .

and Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) for fine and coarse aggregate respectively in concrete production. The materials were dried for some days, crushed, sieved and batched by volume. Using a design mix of 1:2:4, with a water cement ratio of 0.6, the prepared specimens were poured in cube moulds of 150x150x150mm, cured by

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Compressive strength of˜concrete with˜palm kernel shell as ...

2.1.4 Palm kernel shell aggregate The major material for the experiment conduct iPalm kernel shell was obtained froSri kembangan market in Malaysia and frBState,CrRiver, south eastern parNiger.Aotal weigh100kg of this material was brought for the practical.The palm ker-nel shell source was washed to remove ˜bers and foreign impurities after which it was sun dried for three days to eliminate ...

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The Effect of Oil Palm Shell as Coarse Aggregate ...

that oil palm shells was the organic aggregate which is better impact resistance compared to normal weight aggregate. Besides, OPS contain many pores and the water absorption is high compared to normal weight aggregate. Increasing voids in concrete would probably increase the porosity of the concrete [2]. In order to prioritize the factors of operator reputation loss due to a corroded pipeline ...

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The Effect of Oil Palm Shell as Coarse Aggregate ...

90 The Effect of Oil Palm Shell as Coarse Aggregate Replacement on Densities and Compressive Strength of Concrete Noh Irwan Ahmad1,a, Khairulzan Yahya1,b 1Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia a*[email protected] com, [email protected] Keywords: oil palm shell, waste material, workability. Abstract.

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The Use of Sawdust and Palm kernel Shell as Substitute for ...

The Use of Sawdust and Palm kernel Shell as Substitute for Fine and Coarse Aggregates in Concrete Construction in Developing Countries Usman, N. D. Idusuyi, F. I. Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria Ojo, E. B. Research Department, Nigerian Building and Road Research Institute, Abuja Simon, B. Department of Building, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi ...

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Palm kernel shells, coarse aggregate, marshal ... - .

that palm kernel shells can be used to replace coarse aggregate up to 30% before drastic reductions become noticeable. It is therefore recommended that for heavily trafficked roads, palm kernel shells up to 10% can be used for the replacement while even replacement is possible for lightly trafficked

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UTILIZATION OF PALM KERNEL SHELL (PKS) AS COARSE AGGREGATE .

disposing of palm kernel shell (PKS) and other agro-waste materials from palm oil mills have equally triggered concerns which are predisposed on environmental sustainability. This research therefore tends towards producing a sustainable environment and an alternative in the construction industry by exploring the potential of the use of PKS as aggregate replacement in light weight concrete (LWC ...

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